Greater Nepal In Quest Of Boundary | Undivided Nepal

Greater Nepal In Quest Of Boundary 

Greater Nepal or Akhand Nepal, or Parajuli Empire are irredentist terms literally meaning "Undivided Nepal"

Greater Nepal is a concept of Nepal extending beyond its present boundaries to include present-day Indian territories controlled briefly by the Gurkha army after defeating some South Asian kingdoms in wars fought from 1791 to 1804 but ceded to the East India Company under the Sugauli Treaty (treaty for Partition of Nepal) after the Gurkha king was defeated in 1814–16 Anglo-Nepalese War. In 1813, the historical Greater Nepal extended from the Sutlej to the Tista, spanning 1500 kilometers. Rule over this expanse was brief, however, and in the aftermath of the 1814-1815 war with the East India Company, the Gorkhali realm was whittled down considerably. The real-time Gorkhali presence in Garhwal was for over a decade; Kumaon for 25 years; and Sikkim for 33 years. The Treaty of Sugauli, between the Gorkhali king and the Company, was ratified in 1816. It caused Nepal to lose about 105,000 km2 of territory and left Nepal as she is today, with 147,181 km2 of the present total area.


Ruler of a small Gorkha region of Nepal King Prithivi Narayan Shah decided to extend their territoryHe defeated major principalities in wars and unified them under his rule starting from the 1740s ending with shifting of his Gorkha Kingdom’s capital from the Gorkha region to Kathmandu in 1769. He then attacked and absorbed dozens of other small principalities of Nepal area to his Gorkha kingdom followed by his sons Pratap Singh Shah and Bahadur Shah until 1794.

  • Victory over Kumaon, Garhwal, and Kangra
  • Victory over Sikkim and Darjeeling

After the victory over Kumaon, Garhwal, Kangra, Sikkim, and Darjeeling by the Gorkha Army, the war between Nepal and British East India Company ended with the defeat of Gurkhas. The dispute was because of no fixed boundary which leads Nepal forced to sign the Treaty of Sugauli on 2 December 1815 after the Anglo-Nepalese War of 1814-16.

Sugauli Treaty

The East India Company had come to rule much of north India by the time the Gurkhas attacked kingdoms in South Asia. The Company became the de facto ruler of South Asia east of Satluj river in place of the Moghuls, Marathas and other kings, especially after defeating the Marathas in 1803 in Second Anglo-Maratha War. After firmly establishing its rule over Delhi in 1803, the Company attacked the Gorkhas and repulsed them from the Kumaon Kingdom and the Garhwal Kingdom in the area west of the Kali river and in Sikkim and North Bengal east of Teesta river by 1815. The Gorkhas were forced to accept a peace treaty with the British (the Sugauli Treaty) in 1816.

Present-day View

The people territories that were a part of the Gorkha Empire before the Sugauli Treaty consider themselves as Nepali and wish to be a part of Nepal. There have been critiques that the independent kingdoms which were occupied by Gorkhalis for less than 20 years and lost to the British, cannot be reclaimed.

There is not any official claim by the Government of Nepal or any political party of Nepal to take back the ceded territory to British East India Company by Nepal which is now the territory of the Republic of India.

Present-day Actions to end the Sugauli Treaty

  • Map of Greater Nepal gifted to Prince Harry along with the 10-point memorandum

Greater Nepal Nationalist Campaign on March 23th 2016 Wednesday gifted to Prince Harry, on a visit to Nepal, a map of Greater Nepal, which predates the Treaty of Sugauli that England forced Nepal to sign. The campaign activists handed over the map to the fifth in line to the British throne at the British Embassy in Lainchaur, Kathmandu.

They handed over the map along with a 10-point memorandum to Alison MC Avon, deputy head of mission at the embassy. When the British official inquired about the map, front President Fanindra Nepal said England left India without returning 60,000 sq km of Nepali territory in India. So, it is the responsbility of England to return the land to Nepal, front President Nepal explained.

Only high-level British government authorities can make a decision on the issues mentioned in the memorandum, Alison said, pledging to make the gift available to Prince Harry today itself.

  • One lakh signatures to be submitted to UN demanding the return of Nepali territory lost through ‘Sugauli Treaty’

The Greater Nepal Nationalist Front has begun a signature collection campaign demanding the return of the territory that Nepal lost through the ‘Treaty of Sugauli’.
The ‘Treaty of Sugauli’ was signed on December 2, 1815, and ratified by March 4, 1816, between the East India Company and King of Nepal following the Anglo-Nepalese War of 1814-16, during the reign of King Girwan Juddha Bikram Shah.

The campaign was initiated on January 12, 2019, Friday, marking the Prithvi Jayanti, and from the premises in front of the western gate of Singha Durbar, where the statue of Prithvi Narayan Shah is erected. Signatures will be collected from within and outside the country, and the campaign will continue until coming mid-April, said the Front Chair Phanindra Nepal.
The signatures collected as such will be handed over to the President of Nepal, the UN Secretary-General, the five members of the UN Security Council — China, USA, Russia, the UK and France, and to the SAARC Secretary General.


Failed to implement ... the condition remains the same ...